gender gap research paper

their jobs, driven out by hostile work environments and extreme job pressures (Hewlett. By the time a woman earns her first dollar, her occupational choice is the culmination of years of education, guidance by mentors, expectations set by those who raised her, hiring practices of firms, and widespread norms and expectations about workfamily balance held by employers, co-workers. In fact, research on impressions of women in the workplace suggests womens productivity might in fact be systematically underestimated (Burgess 2013). Even straight out of college, women make 4 less per hour than mena gap that has grown since 2000 (Kroeger, Cooke, and Gould 2016). Notes: We define gendered-occupations as occupations in which more than 75 percent of workers are of one gender. Much research suggests that many women are driven out of nontraditional occupations by hostile work environments. Many factors might make it difficult for a young woman to see herself working in computer science or a similarly remunerative field.

Gender gap research paper
gender gap research paper

Gender gap research paper
gender gap research paper

Extreme job pressures are defined as working more than 100 hours per week, needing to be available 24/7, working with or managing colleagues in multiple time zones, and feeling pressure to put in extensive face time (Hewlett. In addition to their lower Social Security and retirement earnings, older women also have limited opportunities to earn money in the labor force. For men, parenthood status had no effect on their perceived competency. Or in common terms, women are paid 83 cents on the male dollar. Interestingly, when Lawrence later wrote about this revelation, she largely blamed herself. This reward of long and nonstandard hours for highly credentialed employees works to mens advantage (Hersch and Stratton 2002; Goldin 2014).

And what remains we dont call discrimination, we call wage discrimination. Because of social norms and home responsibility, women, in general, are less likely to work than men. If anything, men tend to work somewhat harder. . There is another way in which geography might affect the gender wage gap.  But I dont think its easy to mandate.

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